1 I thank Thomas Princen, Benjamin Slote, Richard Bowden, and Brian Hill for their helpful comments on earlier drafts of this article.

2 Geisel 1971.

5 Bellah et al. 1991.

6 See, for example, John Tierney, 'Recycling is Garbage,' New York Times Magazine, 30 June 1996, pp. 24-30; 48-53.

7 See for example, 'Plant Trees in Dr. Seuss's Honor,' Instructor. Primary Edition vol. 108, no. 1, August 1998, p. 9.

8 Dowie 1996.

9 Montague 1996.

10 Coleman 1994; and Smith


11 Frank 1997; and Frank and Weiland 1997.

12 Freie 1998.

13 Time, for example, has run a five-part 'Visions of the 21st Century' series covering the following topics: Health and the Environment (vol. 154, no. 19, November 8, 1999); How We Will Live (vol. 155, no. 7,

February 21, 2000); Science (vol. 155, no. 14, April 10, 2000); Our World, Our Work (vol. 155, no. 21, May 22, 2000); and Technology (vol. 155, no. 25, June 19, 2000). Each special issue provides a large dose of technological utopianism.

14 See, for example, Reich 1991.

15 See Lappe and DuBois 1994 for a discussion of the 'ten myths of power' that dominate US public life.

16 Kates 2000, pp. 1019; and Holdren 2000, pp. 4-5.

17 Costanza and Cornwell 1992, pp. 12-20, 42.

19 Bookchin 1980; Gorz 1980; Schor 1999; Schor et al. 2000; and Durning 1992.

20 Roodman 1996.

21 Galbraith 1985; Noble 1986; and Winner 1977.

22 Sclove, Scammell and Holland 1998.

24 Litfin 1994.

25 Plant and Plant 1991; Smith 1998; Carson and Moulden 1991; and Coddington 1993.


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