1 The Kerala Sastra Sahitya Parishad (the Kerala literary and scientific association) was a forum established by Malyali science writers. It is today a movement with over 40,000 members dedicated to the popularization of science and to utilizing science for progressive ends.

2 The Bishnois are followers of the fifteenth-century saint Guru Jambeshwar, who instructed his followers to protect plant and animal life. A cattle-rearing and agricultural community, the Bishnois do not allow hunting or felling on their land.

3 The Chipko movement arose as a protest against logging abuses in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. The word 'chipko' literally means

'embrace'. The movement's name derives from the non-violent practice of women who hugged trees, interposing themselves between the tree and the contractors.


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