What the movements and their critique of science sought was not antiscience but a plural vision that allowed for both the wisdom of normal science and the vision of the eccentric, the dissenter, the marginal, the vulnerable and alternative world-views. The playfulness, the new concepts and new reciprocity between science and social worlds created through novelty by combination, was extended by grass-roots politics and philosophers to a wider domain. They forced the democratic imagination to contend with science by inventing new methodologies beyond boy scout calls for participation and empowerment [...]. Programmes for open societies offer science as an image and model for democracy but they do little to add to the democratization of science or its imagination. A science that seeks only consumers' or citizens' approval is a disguised demagoguery that will work against the grass-roots innovators.
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