Environmental Concern

Drinking Water

The World Health Organization defines reasonable access to safe drinking water in an urban area as 'access to piped water or a public standpipe within 200 metres of a dwelling' for rural areas, the WHO definition of reasonable access is 'drinking water within 15 minutes walking distance'. Interpretation of these definitions, even in the definition of what is rural and what is urban, is clearly open to subjective judgement variations in definition mean that comparisons between countries may be...

Fossil Fuel Pollution

Most industrial economies are entirely fossil-fuel dependent. The price of this dependency is severe pollution and, looming, the possible onset of global warming. The burning of fossil fuels produces a number of pollutants, including sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, particulates (dirt and dust) and carbon monoxide. The most serious fossil fuel pollutant is carbon dioxide. This is not in itself toxic, but in conjunction with other gases is the primary...

Acknowledgements

For their assistance in providing information for individual maps, we would like to thank the following Hayward R.Alker, Jr., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. Carl Bartone, World Bank, Washington DC Margaret Bluman, London Steven Broad, World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge, UK Marva Coates, Food and Agriculture Organization, Washington DC Peter Cebon, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. Mark Davis, London Stephen Davis, World Conservation...