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In preceding chapters, it was noted that over 85 percent of the energy consumed worldwide is from fossil fuels. But that fact does not tell what specific resources are used in different regions.

Africa

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Asia and Oceania

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Central and South America

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Production Consumption

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Eurasia

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Middle East

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Middle East

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North America

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Production Consumption

Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), "International Data Tables, Total World Energy Production and Consumption (1980-2004)," International Energy Annual 2004.

Figure 6.2 provides a more comprehensive breakdown of energy use. While fossil fuels comprise a large slice of the pie in all regions, certain fossil fuels are more important in some regions than others. For example, in Asia and Oceania, coal accounted for 49 percent of the total energy consumption in 2004. In the Middle East, petroleum takes the largest part of the pie, comprising 54 percent of energy consumption. And in Eurasia, natural gas is the dominant fossil fuel, making up 53 percent of the total energy consumed. These regional differences can be useful for understanding what resources are indigenous to particular areas in the world. From this figure, one is able to gain a better understanding of global energy use, but further questions remain. How much of each resource does each region produce and consume? What countries consume and produce the most oil, coal, or natural gas? And what are the particular pathways that an energy resource must travel in order to benefit society?

The next section examines the facts associated with particular energy sources and how each resource is exploited by society. Energy cycle charts that highlight important flows of energy, where the resource comes from, and the various steps involved in the delivery of energy services and products from each resource complement the statistics.

Hydro power, 6%

Nuclear power, 6%

Natural Gas, 23%

Renewable, 1%

Hydro power, 6%

Renewable, 1%

Petrol, 38%

Petrol, 38%

World

Hydro power, 5% Renewable,

Natural Gas,

Asia and Oceania

Nuclear power, 1%

Natural Gas, 21%

Hydro power, 6%

Hydro power, 6%

Nuclear power, 1%

Natural Gas, 21%

Renewable, 0%

Petrol, 42%

Renewable, 0%

Petrol, 42%

Africa

Hydro power, 26%

Nuclear power, 1%

Natural Gas, 19%

Renewable, 1%

Renewable, 1%

Hydro power, 26%

Nuclear power, 1%

Natural Gas, 19%

Petrol, 49%

-Coal, 4% Central and South America

-Coal, 4% Central and South America

Petrol, 49%

Petrol, 19%

Eurasia

Middle East
Petrol, 39%

Natural Gas, 24%

Coal, 17% Europe

Hydro Renewable, power, 5% j-1%

Nuclear power, 8%

Natural Gas, 24%

Hydro Renewable, power, 5% j-1%

Natural Gas, 24%

Petrol, 42%

Petrol, 42%

North America

Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), "International Data," International Energy Annual 2004, http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/international/contents.html. Accessed September 25, 2006.

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