1. Michael Steinberger, "Lunch with the FT: Bernard Lewis," Financial Times, August 9, 2002.

2. Lisa Myers and the NBC Investigative Unit, "Who Are the Foreign Fighters in Iraq? An NBC News Analysis Finds 55 Percent Hail from Saudi Arabia," NBC News, June 20, 2005, 8293410/ (accessed August 4, 2006).

3. Dore Gold, Hatred's Kingdom (Washington, DC: Regnery, 2003), pp. 18, 91-92. For additional discussion of Ibn Taymiyyah's thoughts, see Bat Ye'or, Islam and Dhimmitude: Where Civilizations Collide (Cranbury, NY: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2002), especially pp. 44, 59.

5. Ibn Razik, cited in Alexei Vassiliev, The History of Saudi Arabia (New York: New York University Press, 2000), p. 106.

9. Said K. Aburish, The Rise, Corruption, and Coming Fall of the House ofSaud (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1995), p. 24.

10. Daniel Yergin, The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money, and Power (New York: Touchstone Books, 1991), pp. 393-^05.

11. Borgna Brunner, ed., Time Almanac 2007 (Boston, MA: Information Please, 2006), p. 857.

12. Laurent Murawiec, Princes of Darkness: The Saudi Assault on the West (Landham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003), p. 44.

14. Gilles Keppel, Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2003).

16. Ahmed Rashid, Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil, and Fundamentalism in Central Asia (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001), p. 89. Also see Kaushik Kapisthalam, "Learning from Pakistan's Madrassas," June 24, 2004, (accessed October 10, 2006), and Loretta Napoleoni, "Saudi Finance: Sleeping with the Enemy," (accessed January 10, 2007).

17. Ian Black et al., "Militant Islam's Saudi Paymasters," Guardian, February 29, 1992.

18. Murawiec, Princes of Darkness, p. 47.

19. Wayne Brisard, Jean-Charles Brisard, and Guillaume Dasquie, Forbidden Truth: U.S.-Taliban Secret Oil Diplomacy and the Failed Hunt for Bin Laden, trans. Lucy Rounds (New York: Thunder's Mouth Press/Nation Books, 2002), p. 49.

20. Greg Palast and David Pallisser, "FBI and US Spy Agents Say that Bush Spiked Bin Laden Probes before 11 September," Guardian, November 1, 2001.

21. Jerry Markon, "U.S. Raids N. Va. Office of Saudi-Based Charity," Washington Post, June 2, 2004.

22. Matthew Levitt, "Saudi Financial Counterterrorism Measures: Smokescreen or Substance," Policywatch, Washington Institute for Near East Policy, no. 687, December 10, 2002.

23. Gold, Hatred's Kingdom, pp. 152-53, 218-19, 243.

24. Murawiec, Princes of Darkness, p. 97.

25. Alexei Alexiev, "The Missing Link in the War on Terror: Confronting Saudi Subversion," National Review, October 28, 2002.

26. US Department of State, "Report of the Accountability Review Boards of the Embassy Bombings in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam on August 7, 1998," January 1999, .html (accessed September 6, 2006).

27. Jeff Gerth and Judith Miller, "Saudis Called Slow to Help Stem Terror Finances," New York Times, December 1, 2002.

29. David Kaplan, Monica Ekman, and Amir Latif, "The Saudi Connection: How Billions in Oil Money Spawned a Global Terror Network," U.S. News & World Report, December 15, 2003, terrorbkgd/saudiconnect.html (accessed September 15, 2006).

30. An official list of such Saudi-funded Islamic centers established worldwide has been published by the Saudi Arabian government at http://www (accessed October 10, 2006).

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