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Robert Baer, Sleeping with the Devil How Washington Sold Our Souls for Saudi Crude (New York Three Rivers Press, 2003), p. 43. 2. Contingency plans for such a seizure had been drawn up by the Pentagon, which estimated that two brigades would be sufficient one for Saudi Arabia and the other for Kuwait. According to a 1973 military planning document recently made public by the Washington Post, in Saudi Arabia the US forces would have had to face only one lightly armed national guard battalion at...

Ethanol Or Methanol

To date, all FFVs have been certified as either methanol gasoline designs or ethanol gasoline designs. Combined methanol ethanol gasoline FFVs have not yet been commercially produced. Their development poses only modest challenges, however. The question is, which alcohol would be the best one upon which to base our future alcohol-fuel economy Methanol is cheaper than ethanol. It can also be made from a broader variety of biomass material, as well as from coal and natural gas. Methanol is the...

Alcohol Fuels And The Environment

Roberta Nichols was dedicated to the goal of a clean environment, and so were her friends in the CEC who enabled the large-scale demonstration project that put methanol and flex-fuel cars on the map. I mention this because many in the environmental community today tend to be reactively suspicious, or even axiomatically hostile, to new technologies. It would be both ironic and extremely unfortunate if they, not knowing this history, were to adopt such a stance toward the widespread adoption of...

Alcohol Fuels And World Trade

Recall Ethanol is made from food crops with a large sugar or starch content. Methanol can be made from any kind of biomass, as well as from coal, natural gas, and recycled wastes. How large a market for the world's agricultural sector could be created if we switched our cars to flex-fuels As I write this, the price of oil is hovering around 70 per barrel, and 76 million barrels a day are being sold worldwide. That works out to a revenue stream of 5.5 billion per day, or 2 trillion per year....

Making Alcohol Fuel

There are many different kinds of alcohols, and all may be used as fuels. However, for our purposes here, the two most important alcohols are the two simplest methanol (CH3OH) and ethanol (C2H5OH). Ethanol is the kind of alcohol that we drink in alcoholic beverages. It has been made since prehistoric times by using microorganisms to ferment the sugar (and starch, which is a biological precursor to sugar) content of plant material. All food crops contain sugar and starch, which are the primary...

On The Oil Industry Alcohol Fuels And Energy Resources

The Promise of Methanol Fuel Cell Vehicles. Washington, DC AMI, 2000. Brown, Charles. World Energy Resources. Berlin Springer-Verlag, 2002. Brunner, Borgna, ed. Time Almanac 2006. Boston, MA Information Please, 2006. -. Time Almanac 2007. Boston, MA Information Please, 2006. A convenient resource for summary figures on energy production and consumption worldwide. Doxon, Lynn Ellen. The Alcohol Fuel Handbook. Haverford, PA Infinity Publishing, 2001. How to make...

On World Wars I And Ii

The Second World War. New York Houghton Mifflin, 1948. A titanic five-volume history of the war by the greatest of the war leaders. -. The World Crisis, 1911-1918. New York Charles Scribner's Sons, 1931. Reprint, New York Free Press, 2005. Eisenhower, John S. D. The Bitter Woods The Battle of the Bulge. New York G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1969. Well written, but I prefer Toland's earlier and more GI-centered account, cited below. Ferguson, Niall. The War of the World...

How Opec Works

Crude Oil Price Per Barrel 1940

In order to wreck OPEC, it is first necessary to understand how it works. OPEC is an open conspiracy, in which representatives of the rulers of eleven kleptocracies Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela get together at periodic meetings and decide what the world price for oil should be, and then assign production quotas to each so as to force the price to that level. This is very different from the way business is...

Crops For The Alcohol Harvest

In the United States a strong young ethanol industry is rapidly growing based upon ethanol produced from corn. In Brazil sugarcane is already serving as the base for an ethanol fuel industry so large that it has made the country energy independent. But these are by no means the only crops that could serve as ethanol resources. Other attractive ethanol crops include sweet sorghum, sugar beets, fodder beets, wheat, barley, rye, rice, sorghum, Irish potatoes, cassava, sweet potatoes, yams, taro,...

Http Www.gcrio.org Consequences Vol4nol Carbcycle.html

Based on the 1 4 power law, Venus's absolute temperature should be 1.19 times as great as Earth's. Multiplying this factor by a typical Earth temperature of 283 K 10 C or 50 F , we get an absolute temperature of 337 K for Venus, which is equal to 64 C or 147 F. 2. The Impact Team, The Weather Conspiracy The Coming of the New Ice Age New York Ballantine Books, 1977 . 3. Stephen Schneider and Randi Londer, The Coevolution of Climate and Life San Francisco, CA Sierra Club Books, 1984 . 4....

Muslim World League

Headquartered in the Saudi capital city of Riyadh, the Muslim World League MWL was founded in 1962 as the semiofficial organization for the global dissemination of Wahhabism. The head of the MWL is a Saudi government minister, its board is composed largely of the Saudi ulama recognized religious leadership , and it is funded directly by the Saudi state. According to the Supreme Islamic Council for the United States, it functions as the world headquarters for extremist Islamic networks.12 The...

Defeating Global Warming

We have to offer up scary scenarios, make simplified, dramatic statements, and make little mention of any doubts we may have. Each of us has to decide what the right balance is between being effective and being honest. Dr. Stephen Schneider, leading proponent of global warming theory, Discover magazine, October 1989 No matter if the science is all phony, there are collateral environmental benefits Climate change provides the greatest chance to bring about justice and equality in the world....

The Brazilian Experience

In many ways, Brazil is a microcosm of the world. Its diverse, multiracial society includes wealthy sophisticates with educations, ideas, and living styles mirroring those of New York or Paris unionized blue-collar industrial workers not too different from those of Detroit or the German Ruhr Valley and urban slum dwellers, rural peasants, and downtrodden aborigines whose poverty and desperation fully match their counterparts throughout the third world. The nation's annual gross domestic product...

Is Global Warming Real

It's hard to know the global temperature, since the actual temperature is always different from place to place, and the average temperature derived from a large number of stations can be severely skewed by the choice of location of the measuring stations. Nevertheless, serious efforts to assign an average global temperature through sys tematic worldwide thermometer readings have been made since about 1858. The data from this century-and-a-half-long global research program initiated by the...

Empowering The Future

There are no ends, limits or walls that can bar us or ban us from the infinite multitude of things. Giordano Bruno, On the Infinite Universe and Worlds, 1584 We believe that free labor, that free thought, have enslaved the forces of nature, and made them work for man. We make the old attraction of gravitation work for us we make the lightning do our errands we make steam hammer and fashion what we need The wand of progress touches the auction-block, the slave-pen, the whipping post, and we see...