An Example Energy Accounting System

General Motors Corporation has a strong energy accounting system which uses an energy responsibility method. According to General Motors, a good energy accounting system is implemented in three phases 1 design and installation of accurate metering, 2 development of an energy budget, and 3 publication of regular performance reports including variances. Each phase is an important element of the complete system. Phase 1 Metering. For execution of a successful energy accounting program, energy flow...

Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction to Energy Chapter 2 The Energy Audit Process An Chapter 3 Understanding Energy Chapter 4 Economic Analysis and Life Cycle Costing 131 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Heating, Ventilating, and Air Chapter 7 Understanding and Managing Chapter 8 Steam Distribution Chapter 9 Control Systems and Chapter 10 Energy Systems Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Process Energy Chapter 13 Renewable Energy Sources and Water Management 445 Chapter 14 Distributed Appendix I Study Questions and

Typical Energy Savings

Low cost, no cost changes Dedicated programs 3 years or so Long-range goal job responsibilities. Consequently, little or nothing may get done. The energy management coordinator EMC should be strong, dynamic, goal oriented, and a good manager. Most important, management should support that person with resources including a staff. The energy management coordinator should report as high as possible in the organization without losing line orientation. A multiplant or multidivisional corporation may...

Levels of Energy Accounting

As in financial accounting, the level of sophistication or detail of energy accounting systems varies considerably from company to company. A very close correlation can be developed between the levels of sophistication of financial accounting systems and those of energy accounting systems. This is outlined in Figure 1-11. Most companies with successful energy management programs have passed level 1 and are working toward the necessary submetering and reporting systems for level 2. In most...

Bibliography

Allen, Paul J., How Disney Saves Energy and Operating Costs, Heating Piping Air Conditioning HPAC Engineering, January 2005. Barrett, John A., Energy Accounting Systems for Existing Buildings, ASHRAE Journal, January 1979, p. 56. Btu Accounting, client newsletter, Seidman and Seidman, Certified Public Accountants, Grand Rapids, MI, 1980. Capehart, Barney L., Energy Management, Chapter 70 in the Handbook of Industrial Engineering, Second Edition, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1992....

Management Commitment

The most important single ingredient for successful implementation and operation of an energy management program is commitment to the program by top management. Without this commitment, the program will likely fail to reach its objectives. Thus, the role of the energy manager is crucial in ensuring that management is committed to the program. Two situations are likely to occur with equal probability when designing an energy management program. In the first, management has decided that energy...