Research and Development

Government research and development (R&D) funding for renewable and energy efficiency technologies can support the adoption of these technologies by facilitating cost reductions, higher efficiency, and improved utilization. R&D funding may occur at all stages of the technology development cycle, including basic science, bench-scale technology development, proof-of-concept demonstration, and pilot applications [29]. Government funds may be directed toward government-owned research laboratories, academic institutions, or industry participants. For many projects, especially those developing technologies closer to commercialization, the government will leverage its contributions by requiring substantial cost-sharing (either financial or in-kind) with industry participants.

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