P. Maycock Production 1990 2005 Mwpe Data

FIGURE 1.10 World solar PV production, 1990-2005 (MWp). (From Maycock, P., PV News Annual Review of the PV Market, 2006, http://www.epia.org. With permission.)

PV production [MWpe]

Source: EPIA - P. Maycock

PV production [MWpe]

Source: EPIA - P. Maycock

□ ROW

_

82 90 00 04

12,000 10,000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0

FIGURE 1.11 Deployment of solar heat (glazed) collectors (MWth).

The biggest advantage of biomass as an energy resource is its relatively straightforward transformation into transportation fuels. Biofuels have the potential to replace as much as 75% of the petroleum fuels in use for transportation in the U.S.A. today (Worldwatch Institute 2006). This is especially important in view of the declining oil supplies worldwide. Biofuels will not require additional infrastructure development. Therefore, development of biofuels is being viewed very favorably by governments around the world. Biofuels, along with other transportation options such as electric vehicles and hydrogen, will help diversify the fuel base for future transportation. Figure 1.13 shows that global ethanol production more than doubled between 2000 and 2005. Biodiesel production grew almost fourfold, although it started from a much smaller base. In 2005, the world ethanol production had reached about 36 billion liters per year, whereas biodiesel production topped 3.5 billion liters during the same year. Table 1.7 shows the top five countries producing these fuels.

Solar Heat (Glazed collectors) [MWth] Sources: IEA SHC, ESTIF

Solar Heat (Glazed collectors) [MWth] Sources: IEA SHC, ESTIF

FIGURE 1.11 Deployment of solar heat (glazed) collectors (MWth).

FIGURE 1.12 Worldwide distribution of solar thermal collector markets. (From ESTIF, Solar Thermal Markets in Europe—Trends and Statistics for 2004, European Solar Thermal Industry Federation, Brussels, Belgium, 2005. With permission.)

40,000

40,000

0 0

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