Abbreviations

AAU Assigned Amount Unit

AB Assembly Bill

AG Advocate General

AUS ETS Australian Emissions Trading Scheme

BAT Best Available Technique

BERR Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform

BNA International Bureau of National Affairs

Environment Daily International Environment Daily

BRC Better Regulation Commission

BREFS Best Available Technology Reference Documents

BVerwG Bundesverwaltungsgericht

CA ETS Californian Emissions Trading Scheme

CCA Climate Change Agreement

CCAP Center for Clean Air Policy

CCL Climate Change Levy

CCS Carbon Capture and Storage

CCX Chicago Climate Exchange

CDM Clean Development Mechanism

CEPS The Centre for European Policy Studies

CER Certified Emission Reduction

CERT Carbon Emissions Reduction Target

CETM Confederación Espaníola de Transporte de Mercancías

CFI Court of First Instance

CGE Computable General Equilibrium

CGM Compagnie Générale Maritime

CH4 Methane

Chicago 1944 Convention on International Civil Aviation Convention

CHP Combined Heat and Power

CIRED International Research Center on Environment and Development

CITL Community Independent Transaction Log

CJEG Cahiers Juridiques de l'électricité et du gaz

CMA Compagnie Maritime d'Affrètement

CNSD

Consiglio Nazionale degli Spedizionieri Doganali

CO2

Carbon Dioxide

CO2e

Carbon Dioxide Equivalent

COM

Commission

CPUC

California Public Utility Commission

CSE

Centre for Sustainable Energy

CT

Carbon Trust

Czech Rep./Cz Rep

Czech Republic

DART

Dynamic Applied Regional Trade

DEFRA

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

DER

Dwelling Emission Rate

dETS

domestic Emissions Trading Scheme

dnc

declared net capacity

DOE

Department of Environment Northern Ireland

DP

Direct Participant

DTI

Department for Trade and Industry

EC

European Community

ECJ

European Court of Justice

ECR

European Court Reports

EDLE

European Doctorate in Law and Economics

EEA

European Environment Agency

EEC

European Economic Community

EELR

European Energy and Environmental Law Review

EFTA

European Free Trade Area

EHA

Enhanced Capital Allowances

EII

Energy Intensive Industries

E.L.R.

European Law Review

EP

European Parliament

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

EPRI

Electric Power Research Institute

EPS

Emission Portfolio Standards

ERU

Emission Reduction Unit

ESS

Energy Supply Sectors

EST

Energy Savings Trust

ETF

Environmental Transformation Fund

ETG

UK Emissions Trading Group

ETR

Emissions Trading Registry

ETS

Emissions Trading Scheme

ETUC

European Trade Union Confederation

EU

European Union

EUAs

European Union emission allowances

EU ETS

European Union's Emissions Trading Scheme

FEEM Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei

GAD Global and Atmospheric Division GATT agreement General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade GHG emissions Greenhouse Gas emissions

GLA Greater London Authority

HAP Horticulture Assistance Package

HFC Hydrofluorocarbon

H.R. House of Representatives

IBGE Institut bruxellois pour la gestion de l'environnement

ICAO International Civil Aviation Organisation

ICAP International Carbon Action Partnership

IEA International Energy Agency

IFIEC International Federation of Industrial Energy Consumers

INECE International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement

IPCC United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPPC Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control

IPTS Institute for Prospective Technological Studies

ISO Independent System Operator

ISTAS Instituto Sindical de Trabajo, Ambiente y Salud

ITL International Transaction Log

JEEPL Journal for European Environmental & Planning Law

JI Joint Implementation

JV ETS Japanese Voluntary Emissions Trading Scheme

KP Kyoto Protocol lCER long-term CER (Certified Emission Reduction)

LEZ Low Emission Zone

LSE Load-Serving Entity

LULUCF Land use, Land-Use Change and Forestry

Lux./Lux Luxembourg

MAC Marginal Abatement Cost

METRO Maastricht European Institute for Transnational Legal

Research

MS Member States

Mt. Million tons

MW Megawatt

MWh Megawatt hours

N2O Nitrous Oxide

NA Negotiated Agreement

NAP National Allocation Plan

NBER National Bureau of Economic Research

NCCR Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research

NERA National Economics Research Associates

NFFO Non-Fossil Fuel Obligation

NGO Non Governmental Organization

NI-NFFO Northern Ireland NFFO (Non-Fossil Fuel Obligation)

NL Netherlands

NOX Nitrogen OXide

NRP Dutch National Research Programme on Global Air

Pollution and Climate Change

NSW GGAS The New South Wales Greenhouse Gas Abatement Scheme

NZ ETS New Zealand ETS

OCC Office of Climate Change

OECD Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development

OfGEM Gas and Electricity Markets Authority

OJ Official Journal

OTC Ozone Transport Commission

OTH Other Demand Sectors

PCT Personal Carbon Trading

PFC Perfluorocarbon

PJM Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland

PNA Plan National d'Allocation

POLES Prospective Outlook on Long-term Energy Systems

PPC Pollution Prevention and Control

PRIMES Price Induced Model of the Energy System

PSR Performance Standard Rate

R&D Research and Development

RECLAIM Regional Clean Air Incentives Market

RFF Resources for the Future

RGGI Northeast Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative

RILE Rotterdam Institute of Law and Economics

RJEP La revue juridique de l'entreprise publique

RMU Removal Unit

ROS Renewables Obligation (Scotland)

RPS Renewable Portfolio Standard

RSA Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts,

Manufacturers and Commerce

RTF Renewable Transport Fuel

RTFO The Renewable Transport Fuel Obligations Order

RTO Regional Transmission Organization

RuG Rijksuriversiteit Groningen

RWE

Rheinisch-Westfälische Elektrizitätswerke AG

SCM agreement

Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures

SDA

Social Development Agency

SF6

Sulphur Hexafluoride

SIC

Standard Industrial Classification

SMEs

Small and Medium sized Enterprises

UBA

Umweltbundesamt

UK

United Kingdom

USA

United States of America

t

Ton

tCER

temporary CER (Certified Emission Reduction)

TER

Target Emission Rate

TS

Trading Sectors

UKCIP

UK Climate Impacts Programme

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate

Change

WCI

Western Climate Initiative

WRCAI

Western Regional Climate Action Initiative

WTO

World Trade Organization

yr

year

ZfE

Zeitschrift für Energiewirtschaft

ZuG

Introduction to the book

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