Japanese Data Sources

The following were the principal data sources for Japan:

(1) 1956, Coal Historical Statistics, in Japanese, Tokyo: Japan Coal Association.

(2) 1995, History of Nihon Oil Corporation [Nihonsekiyu hyakunen-shi], Tokyo.

(3) 1995, Statistics of Coal [Sekitan toukei soukan], Tokyo: Japan Coal Association (in Japanese).

(4) 2001, Energy Statistics [Sougou energy toukei], Tokyo.

(5) 2001, Historical Statistics of Japan 1985-1998 Extension, Tokyo: Japan Statistics Association.

(6) 2001, Historical Statistics of Japan (1868-1984) [Nihon toukai souran], Tokyo: Japan Statistics Association.

Other data sources include:

• EDMC (2001, 2006), ED MC Handbook of Energy and Economic Statistics [Enerugii keizai toukei youran], Japanese edn, Tokyo: The Energy Conservation Center (in Japanese).

• Japan Electric Power Civil Engineering Association (JEPOC) (1992), 100 Year History of Hydropower Technology, Japanese edn, Tokyo: Japan Electric Power Civil Engineering Association (in Japanese).

• METI (2000), Integrated Energy Statistics, Tokyo: Ministry of Economics, Trade and Industry Publishing (in Japanese).

• Mori, N. (1999), Energy Handbook for Residential Sector, Japanese edn, Tokyo: Energy Conservation Center (in Japanese).

Table B.3a Data sources for Japanese economic data

Title

Units

Period

Source

Population

Million persons

1950-1900-

-2006 -1949

(6) Groningen: Total Economy Database

(8) Maddison: The World Economy: Historical Statistics

GDP

Million 1990 International Geary Khamis dollars

1950-1900-

-2006 -1949

(6) Groningen: Total Economy Database

(8) Maddison: The World Economy: Historical Statistics

Capital

Million 1990 International Geary Khamis dollars

1993-1900-

-2006 -1992

Authors' calculation - est from Maddison and extrapolation (7) Maddison: standardized estimates of fixed capital stock

Labor

Million annual hours worked

1950-1900-

-2006 -1949

(6) Groningen: Total Economy Database

Authors' calculation: employment * 365 days * 5.7 hours

Table B.3b Description and sources of Japanese coal data

Title

Period

Series title

Source

Units

Production

1900-

-1988

1

1000 tons

1988-

-1998

2

1000 tons

Imports

1900-

-1988

1

1000 tons

Consumption: residential

1900-

-1955

Supply and demand: non-industrial

3

1000 tons

1955-

1983

Fuel consumption: household use

1

1000 tons

1983-

-1998

Coal - public welfare sector

2

1000 tons

Consumption: industrial

1900-

-1955

Supply and demand: industrial

3

1000 tons

1955-

-1998

Coal - industrial sector

2

1000 tons

Consumption: gas cokes

1925-

-1956

Supply and demand: industrial

3

1000 tons

1956-

-1998

Coal-gas cokes

2

1000 tons

Consumption: steel cokes

1925-

-1956

Supply and demand: industrial

3

1000 tons

1956-

-1998

Coal-steel cokes

2

1000 tons

Consumption: cokes

1946-

-1955

Supply and demand: industrial

3

1000 tons

1956-

-1998

Coal-cokes

2

1000 tons

Consumption: electricity

1900-

-1998

Fuel consumption: power generation

1

1000 tons

generation

Consumption: other prime movers

1900-

-1910

Consumption: total railways

3

1000 tons

Consumption: shipping

3

1000 tons

1911-

-1925

Consumption: private railways

1

1000 tons

1935-

-1998

Missing years interpolated

Consumption: national railways

1

1000 tons

Consumption: shipping

3

1000 tons

1926-

-1934

Consumption: transportation

3

1000 tons

Table B.3c Description and sources of Japanese petroleum data

Material Title

Period

Series title

Source

Units

Petroleum Products

Consumption: gasoline

Consumption: kerosine

Consumption: light oil

Light oil: transportation

Light oil: power generation

Consumption: heavy oil

Heavy oil: power generation

1900-1910 Gasoline imports

Gasoline production 1911-1923 Consumption: gasoline 1924-1987 Supply: gasoline 1988-1998 Consumption: gasoline

1900-1910 Kerosine imports

Production: kerosine 1911-1923 Consumption: kerosine 1924-1987 Supply: kerosine 1988-1998 Consumption: kerosine

1900-1910 Light oil imports

Production: light oil 1911-1923 Consumption: light oil 1924-1987 Supply: light oil 1988-1998 Consumption: light oil

1955-1998 Light oil - transportation sector

1955-1998 Light oil - power generation

1900-1910 Heavy oil imports

Production: heavy oil 1911-1923 Consumption: heavy oil 1924-1987 Supply: heavy oil 1988-1998 Consumption: heavy oil

1924-1998 Heavy oil - power plant

1000 kl 1000 kl 1000 kl 1000 kl 1000 kl

1000 kl 1000 kl 1000 kl 1000 kl 1000 kl

1000 kl 1000 kl 1000 kl 1000 kl 1000 kl

1000 kl

1000 kl

1000 kl 1000 kl 1000 kl 1000 kl 1000 kl

1000 kl

Table B.3c (continued)

Material Title

Period

Series title

Source

Units

Heavy oil: industrial use

1924-

-1998

Heavy oil - industrial sector

2

1000 kl

Heavy oil: transportation

1955-

-1998

Heavy oil - transportation sector

2

1000 kl

Heavy oil: residential/commercial

1955-

-1998

Heavy oil - residential/commercial

2

1000 kl

Consumption: machine oils and

1900-

-1910

Machine oils and lubricants: imports

4

1000 kl

lubricants

Production: machine oils and

lubricants

4

1000 kl

1911-

-1923

Consumption: machine oils and

lubricants

4

1000 kl

1924-

-1987

Supply: machine oils and lubricants

4

1000 kl

1988-

-1998

Consumption: machine oils and

lubricants

2

1000 kl

Consumption: naphtha

1963-

1985

Supply: naphtha

4

1000 kl

1985-

-1998

Consumption: naphtha

2

1000 kl

Jet oil

1960-

-1998

Consumption: jet oil

2

1000 kl

Asphalt

1900-

-1998

Production: asphalt

1

1000 tons

Liquid petroleum gas

1950-

-1998

Consumption: LPG

2

1000 kl

Table B.3d Description and sources of Japanese natural gas data, 1953 to present

Material

Title

Series title

Source

Units

Natural Gas

Consumption

Natural gas, LNG

- total supply

2

quadrillion loules

Power generation

Natural gas, LNG

- power plant

2

quadrillion loules

Residential/commercial

Natural gas, LNG

- city gas

2

quadrillion loules

Industrial use

Natural gas, LNG -

- industrial sector

2

quadrillion loules

Transportation

Natural gas, LNG -

- transportation sector

2

quadrillion loules

Table B.3e Description and sources of Japanese renew ables and biomass data

Material

Title

Period

Series title

Source

Units

Renewables

Electricity output from renewable sources

1914-

-1998

Total electricity output from non-fossil fuel sources

1

million kwh

Hydro-electric electricity output

1914-

-1998

Hydro-electric

1

million kwh

Nuclear electricity output

1914-

-1998

Nuclear

1

million kwh

Geo-thermal electricity output

1914-

-1998

Geo-thermal

1

million kwh

Forest Products

Charcoal

1900-

-1983

Production: minor forest products - charcoal

1

1000 tons

Fuelwood

1900-

-1983

Production: minor forest products - charcoal

1

1000 bundles

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