Early history of the fishery

The commercial harvest of king crab in the eastern Bering Sea began with a Japanese fishery in 1930 (Otto, 1981). Between then and 1939, when the fishery closed with the start of World War II, nearly eight million crabs were taken. Meanwhile, in 1940 the US Congress appropriated funds for Alaska fish surveys, and Lowell Wakefield began to can crab near Kodiak (Blackford, 1979). But the US fishery, which started as a supplement to salmon and halibut, did not really begin until 1947. Until 1965, only Wakefield's deep sea converted trawler (140 ft - 42.7m), with processing on board, was specialized for the fishery. Most of the fleet was much

~ 50 km»H—120 km--150 Km-M-10+"-120 km-«"<

SHELF BREAK

FRONT MIDDLE FRONT INNER FRONT

OCEANIC! OUTER SHELF I MIDDLE SHELF I COASTAL

DOMAIN » DOMAIN I DOMAIN I DOMAIN

SHELF BREAK

FRONT MIDDLE FRONT INNER FRONT

OCEANIC! OUTER SHELF I MIDDLE SHELF I COASTAL

DOMAIN » DOMAIN I DOMAIN I DOMAIN

Fig. 2.4 (a) Hydrographie domains and fronts over the southeast Bering Sea shelf, and (b) schematic interpretation of energy balance, fresh and salt water fluxes, and vertical structure. (From Schumacher & Reed, 1983.)

100 20,00 -DEPTHS(m)

Frequent Eddies J_I_I I I_I I I

Frequent Eddies J_I_I I I_I I I

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