GSEII in the Caribbean

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One country in which the GSEII has been particularly successful is the Caribbean island of Saint Lucia. Six years ago, the Saint Lucian government drafted and approved a sustainable energy plan with the assistance of the Climate Institute and the Organization of American States. The plan aimed to achieve significant improvement in the electrical capacity of the island while cutting the projected business-as-usual increase in greenhouse gas emissions by 35 per cent.

Currently, many projects aimed at meeting the plan's goals have been completed, and several others are in progress. The former category includes: one project that is encouraging the use of compact fluorescent light (CFL) bulbs (which are far more efficient than traditional light bulbs) that is being implemented with the assistance of Climate Care, a British NGO; a second project aimed at educating the island's large and growing hospitality industry about energy efficiency measures that they could take; and a third project focused on designing and implementing a broad-based campaign for the general public on efficiency.

Three energy-generation projects are in the planning stage. These include: a wind farm on the eastern side of the island; a power generation facility intended to burn methane gas captured from a large landfill; and exploration and development of Saint Lucia's geothermal energy resources for power generation. Each of these projects is directed towards improving the electricity supply and efficiency of Saint Lucia while acting to limit potential climate impacts. The program as a whole, meanwhile, is tailored to suit the island's individual needs.

Another GSEII success in the Caribbean has been in the island of Dominica. Former Prime Minister Pierre Charles committed the country to increasing the share of sustainable energy sources as it develops. Currently, two projects have been implemented, and the country plans to investigate several additional large renewable energy projects in the near future. The two main projects implemented so far include one promoting widespread use of efficient CFL technology, similar to the aforementioned project in Saint Lucia, and a second focused on improving the efficiency of the grid system, seeking to reduce losses to 20—30 per cent of their current level. Other projects include a major geothermal energy project, construction of micro-hydroelectric facilities and/or wind turbines to supply additional generating capacity.

A third unique project currently underway in the Caribbean is being implemented in the country of St Kitts and Nevis. This program focuses on reviving the currently dormant sugar industry of the islands by using sugarcane for electricity and/or biofuels production. The project would allow for additional economic development in the country, but would do so without burning environmentally damaging fossil fuels.

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