Casino Destroyer System
In other situations, however, people may conclude that although there is uncertainty, it is worth taking a gamble and doing something even if the odds are only marginally favourable. We all do this to a certain extent. Farmers do this as part of their everyday coping with the uncertainties of the weather. Some people even gamble when the odds are stacked against them, as in gambling casinos or lotteries. In other cases, people may decide that even a small chance of a damaging outcome makes it worthwhile to take some form of insurance, even at some expense.
The very existence of the insurance industry is evidence of the desire to avoid or control worst-case scenarios. It is impossible for an insurance company to pay out in claims as much as its customers pay in premiums if it did, there would be no money left to pay the costs of running the company, or the profits received by its owners.* People who buy insurance are therefore guaranteed to get back less than they, on average, have paid they (we) are paying extra for the security that insurance provides, if the worst should happen. This way of thinking does not apply to every decision we make in casino games, people make bets based on averages and probabilities, and no one sells you insurance against losing the next round. But life is not a casino, and public policy should not be a gamble.
There are a number of scientific arguments against the development of the Yucca Mountain site as a burial ground for over 70,000 tons (63,000 metric tons) of radioactive waste. Geologist Eugene Smith of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, has pointed out that the site lies between two volcanic fields. DOE researchers maintain that the chances of an eruption are slim, but Smith argues that only the volcanoes within 6.2 miles (10 kilometers) of Yucca Mountain were examined. Although those volcanoes only erupt four to twelve times every million years, another group of volcanoes about 62.5 miles (100 kilometers) to the north tends to erupt between eleven and fifteen times per million years. Smith notes that there are periods of time when both fields might be likely to erupt. Unfortunately, it is impossible to know if one of those periods is coming soon. Since the site needs to stay sealed for 10,000 years, it is important to find out if the volcanoes are likely to erupt during that time....
Today the U.S. drinking water industry is facing growing challenges in providing water supplies necessary to sustain the country's economic and population growth. Some of the fastest growing cities in the United States, such as Phoenix and Las Vegas, are located in semiarid and arid climates. Water resources are limited in these dry areas, requiring developing and transporting water supplies from very distant sources. The Colorado River is a critical lifeline of water supply, but often runs dry at its mouth to the Gulf of California while its waters provide supply to several states which are often at odds with each other on how best to manage the river while achieving their water supply goals.1
In September 2005, the NRC approved a temporary radioactive material waste site on the Skull Valley Goshute Reservation, located approximately 45 miles from Salt Lake City.This move is a major step on the road to developing Yucca Mountain, a site that would store 77,000 tons of nuclear waste in an area about 90 miles away from Las Vegas. Skull Valley, which could house 44,000 tons of waste in steel containers, would warehouse spent fuel until it is ready to be sent to Yucca Mountain. In the meantime, the U.S. House of Representatives has voted to allocate 10 million to move nuclear waste out of the hands of utilities and toward a more permanent location.
Another feature of arid landscapes that speaks of past climate are remnants of ancient lakes. In the United States, the last major ice age, which ended roughly 14,000 years ago, had a significant effect on the weathering and erosion patterns of the Southwest. In California and Nevada, many ancient lakes existed, such as Lake Tecopa, Silver Lake, Soda Lake (Lake Mojave), Coyote Lake, Lake Manley, Panamint Lake, Owens Lake, China Lake, and Searles Lake. These lakes were contained geographically within the area bordered today by the Sierra Nevada, San Gabriel Mountains, and San Bernardino Mountains in California and Las Vegas and the Colorado River in Nevada. Excavations into dry lake beds have produced fossils of shelled invertebrates, fish, and plants that could have survived only in a lake environment, allowing climatologists to piece together a climate time line. The climate-induced formation and disappearance of lakes has also influenced the development of river systems in the...
A Nevada state property tax abatement (changes in 2007 by the Legislature) offers up to 25 percent reduction, for up to 10 years, for private development projects achieving a LEED Silver certification. Assuming the property tax is 1 percent of value, this abatement could be worth up to 2.5 percent of the building's construction cost, typically far more than the actual cost of achieving LEED Silver on a large project. As a result, a large number of Nevada projects are pursuing LEED certification, including the world's largest private development project, the 7 billion and 17 million square feet City Center project in Las Vegas.15
Hoover Dam (originally called Boulder Dam), located just east of Las Vegas, was completed in 1935 and spans the Colorado River between the states of Nevada and Colorado. The structure reached 726 feet above the river, and created the 115-square-mile Lake Mead. The water captured and held behind the dam would cover the entire state of Connecticut up to a depth of 10 feet. The dam was created not only to provide flood control, but also to generate cheap electric power. Water and power were brought by electrical transmission lines, irrigation pumps, and aqueducts for distribution to the southwest, including Arizona, Nevada, and the Imperial Valley in southern California. The broader purpose of the dam was to enhance the health and comfort of the people of the southwest and to provide for their welfare.
Entirely with solar cells and wind mills. Instead, government leaders must heed warnings of the nuclear energy engineering profession. Otherwise disastrous energy shortages will surely develop resulting in similar finger-pointing as with the 9 11 terrorist attacks on New York's World Trade Center, or the dam breaches around New Orleans from hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005. Many early warnings were ignored. History shows time and time again that people and government bureaucracies tend to keep their heads in the sand till jolted. Unless remedied on time, oil depletion will produce a downward spiral of rapidly escalating shortages of food and goods, collapse of the economy, serious impoverization of the majority of people, and an increase of war-provoking world tensions. Desert cities like Las Vegas, Nevada and Phoenix, Arizona which are totally dependent on a cheap-oil economy, will become ghost-towns Ref 53 . Construction of a nuclear power
Yucca Mountain is located in a very dry, desert area of southern Nevada, roughly 160 km (100 miles) northwest of Las Vegas and 80 km northeast of Death Valley in California. The Yucca Mountain site is on federal land, adjacent to the Nevada Test Site, which was used in the past for nuclear weapons testing, and the Nellis Air Force Bombing Range. Part of the site would extend into land assigned to these facilities. Figure 12.1 displays both the location of the site and the orientation of the repository at the site. The total area assigned to the Yucca Mountain project, termed the land withdrawal area, is about 600 km2, over two-thirds of which comes from land of the Nevada Test Site and Nellis Air Force Range 17, pp. 3-11 .
Similarly, this approach can only account for local environmental goods that people care enough about to pay for, such as clean air, clean water, and the absence of hazardous waste sites. It cannot capture broader environmental problems, such as a city's contribution to the likelihood of climate change. This explains why looking at real estate prices can sometimes lead to counterintuitive conclusions about urban sustainability. Housing prices in southern cities such as Miami, for example, have risen steadily as the diffusion of cheap air conditioning has allowed households to enjoy its winter warmth without suffering too much from summer humidity.41 But this improvement in quality of life has been purchased at the cost of a sharp increase in electricity usage. By the same token, the proliferation of green golf courses has helped increase demand for homes and consequently home prices in Las Vegas, despite the drain on water and land resources they represent.
And then there is the lingering, looming issue of spent fuel. You may have heard of this place in Nevada called Yucca Mountain. It's not a tourist destination, nor a place where Las Vegas taxi drivers deposit gamblers who have lost all their money and can't pay their fares. This is the place the federal government has been evaluating for a long-term repository and nuclear waste containment and management. Without an appropriate plan, the federal government accepted the obligation to take spent nuclear fuel rods from nuclear plants more than two decades
By some estimates, as much as half the water consumed by households in the western United States goes to lawns and landscaping. As the population continues to grow in places like Phoenix and Las Vegas, this kind of consumption can not be sustained. Already, water levels at Lake Mead, the reservoir created by Hoover Dam, is 80 feet below normal level. The water has dropped consistently for more than 20 years.
I'm sitting on a sofa in the guru's office. I've trekked to this high mountain outpost at one of the planet's power points, the national research labs at Los Alamos, New Mexico. The office of the guru is decorated in colorful posters of past hi-tech conferences that trace his almost mythical career from a maverick physics student who formed an underground band of hippie hackers to break the bank at Las Vegas with a wearable computer, to a principal character in a renegade band of scientists who invented the accelerating science of chaos by studying a dripping faucet, to a founding father of the artificial life movement, to current head of a small lab investigating the new science of complexity in an office kitty-corner to the museum of atomic weapons at Los Alamos.
A variable climate, diverse topography and ecosystems, increasing human population, and a rapidly growing and changing economy characterize the West. Scenic landscapes range from the coastal vistas of California to the intimidating deserts of the Southwest to the alpine meadows of the Rocky and Sierra Nevada Mountains. Since 1950, the West has quadrupled its population, expanding urban areas such as Los Angeles, Las Vegas, Salt Lake City, Santa Fe, Albuquerque, Tucson, and Phoenix. Numerous national parks and monuments exist in the West such as Zion National Park, Arches National Park, Death Valley, Canyonlands, and the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument and attract millions of tourists from around the world. Because of the extreme population growth and development, this region faces
Single-family homes remain the preferred choice of habitat in the United States. Even in the 62 densest cities (with an average of eight homes per acre or more) among the 243 with populations over 100,000, nearly half the housing stock is single-family homes. But those single-family homes can be packed in close together. In the phenomenon known as dense sprawl, subdivisions in the Los Angeles area, or around Phoenix or Las Vegas, go on for miles, but internally they feature near-urban densities. The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana urbanized area measures 7,068 persons per square mile denser than the urbanized areas of New York or Chicago. It's counterintuitive, but the Los Angeles area so famous for sprawl is constrained geographically, by mountain ranges and the Pacific Ocean, and hemmed in as well by the expense of extending water supplies. It makes practical sense to pack the homes in next to each other, even though residents looking for elbow room are often disappointed by being...
Flash floods can occur in desert areas. Las Vegas provides an excellent example. If there is a rain storm that produces only 5 cm (2 in) of rain in a few hours, a flood is likely because the water runs off rather than soaking in. Even the Sahara gets an occasional deluge, and small lakes can form if the rain accumulation is significant. Such floods can cause problems for people living in or near the area, but, after a short time, an ephemeral desert flood lake evaporates, leaving things as they were.
Through the i980s and the presidency of Ronald Reagan, suburban development continued to dominate, with voracious building around Los Angeles, Las Vegas, Phoenix, Denver, and Atlanta, and throughout Texas, Florida, Ohio, Virginia, Maryland, and New Jersey. The phenomenon of edge cities was apparent by the late 1980s, the classic case being Tyson's Corner, Virginia, a clump of anonymous commercial buildings at a major intersection.
Other water quality issues of recent concern along the Colorado include coliform contamination from inadequate waste treatment, limiting certain recreational activities, and perchlorate contamination that has leached into the water supply from an industrial point source near Las Vegas. Neither is directly related to drought, but they may have drought and water supply related implications.
Approximately 80 of the river's supply is used for agriculture. The largest user of agricultural water is the Imperial Irrigation District (IID) in southern California, which alone accounts for approximately 2.87 maf annually (1964-96 average), or almost 20 of the river's average annual flow. Even without the pressure of the ongoing drought, usage trends were approaching system criticality (Figure 3). The California Department of Water Resources estimates that, because of population pressure, California will face shortfalls of 4-9 maf per year by 2020. Planners in Nevada anticipate a population growth from 1.8 million in 2000 to 3.5 million by 2020. Southern Nevada, which includes Las Vegas, is now one of the fastest-growing urban areas in the country and is expected to fully utilize its basic apportionment by 2010. An earlier estimate was for this point to be reached by 2030. Water use in Utah is anticipated to almost triple over the next 50 years, from 645,000 af in 2000 to...
In addition, advances in technology, such as the development of air conditioning, have spurred migration to low-density Sun Belt cities, such as Las Vegas and Phoenix, that were mostly built up after the diffusion of the automobile. Between 1969 and 2002, Las Vegas's population grew by 173 percent, and Phoenix's grew by 124 percent, while the Detroit and Philadelphia metropolitan areas hardly grew at all. Using
An important reason for using market price to estimate the worth of something is its common denominator characteristics. Market price is calculated in dollars, and the common denominator characteristic of dollars allows us to measure and compare many nonhomogeneous things. How else could we compare the value of a ton of steel with the value of a plane trip to Las Vegas or a 5-carat diamond with a new automobile. Although market value assessment is not perfect, we shouldn't dismiss its practical benefits in aiding us in making wise choices about how we should use our limited resources. Karl Marx's failure to appreciate market prices led directly to the impoverishment of millions of Russians and Chinese, as they went about setting up their economies devoid of competitive markets.
Another type of green mixed-use urban development is rising in Las Vegas, Nevada. The MGM CityCenter project is a huge, 76-acre, city within a city on the Las Vegas Strip. CityCenter anticipates opening in 2009 with a 60-story, 4,000-room hotel and casino along with two 400-room boutique hotels and 500,000 square feet of retail, along with 2,800 residential units. As the largest new mixed-use development in the US, with some 18 million square feet of space and an investment valued at 7 billion, CityCenter is a major undertaking.16 All buildings except the casino are expected to receive at least LEED Silver certification, owing in large measure to some generous state property tax abatements.17
While all major U.S. cities are sprawling, the greatest growth has taken place in warmer, arid areas, such as Las Vegas and Phoenix. One result has been a sharp increase in water demand relative to supply. Yet water prices rarely reflect this growing scarcity. A recent study of prices at 1,980 water supply systems across the United States found no evidence that an area's climate was an important factor in determining water prices in the early 1990s.38 Intuitively, this means that residents of arid cities do not pay a price premium for the water they use. Consequently, they have little incentive to economize, and the ecological footprint of these cities continues to grow.
As noted in an earlier section, the Nuclear Waste Policy Act (NWPA) of 1982 mandated that the safe disposal of nuclear waste was the responsibility of the federal government. In 1987, an amendment to the NWPA established that waste disposal needed to be centralized in a single location, Yucca Mountain. Studies on the feasibility of Yucca Mountain as a potential site began in 1978. It is located in a remote region approximately 100 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada, at the edge of the Nevada Test Site, an area that supported hundreds of nuclear tests. Yucca Mountain was chosen because feasibility studies demonstrate that the regional dry climate and its geologic stability are conducive conditions for waste storage. Most important, many studies show that the underlying water table is extremely deep and the mountain is situated in a closed water basin, meaning any water that flows into the area will not leave (OCRWM 2006). Controversy in selecting one nuclear waste repository is...
They were all drawn to Lake Tahoe, known as the lake of the sky, as had been junk-bond king Michael Milken and Las Vegas resort magnate Stephen Wynn, who became lakefront estate owners there. Lake Tahoe straddles the border of California and Nevada. Surrounded by the peaks of the Sierra Nevada and bathed in sunshine nearly three hundred days of the year, the 22-mile-long lake was declared the fairest picture the whole earth affords by Mark Twain when he first saw it. Its water is famous for its clarity a white dinner plate is visible 75 feet down, as the locals like to say. But like so many special places in America, Lake Tahoe fell victim to its own popularity. Unplanned development through the 1960s disturbed soil and created sediment runoff that was making the world-famous crystal-clear water cloudier at the rate of a foot of visibility per year. In 1969 Congress created a regional planning compact, a joint effort of California and Nevada, and the Tahoe Regional Planning Authority...
In large areas of the United States, such as the southern Great Plains and the Southwest, virtually all water is now spoken for. Meanwhile, the demand for water continues to climb in the region's fast-growing cities, including Denver, Phoenix, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, and San Diego. The growing water needs of these cities and of thousands of small towns in the region can be satisfied only by taking water from agriculture.22
Between the 1930s and the 1970s, the construction of large dams was, in the eyes of many, synonymous with development and economic progress. These dams not only produced electric power, but also provided water for irrigation and helped in flood control. In the United States, the Hoover dam on the Colorado River (Fig. 8.3), constructed during the height of the great depression and completed in 1936, was the largest dam of its time and viewed as a symbol of modernization and man's ability to harness nature. It opened the way to the development of the western United States by powering cities as far as Los Angeles and nearby Las Vegas, which was at that time hardly more than a water refilling stop on the Union Pacific railroad for the steam engine locomotives. In the former Soviet Union, major hydroelectric projects were essential to the industrialization of selected areas. The construction of dams accelerated dramatically after World War II, to peak during the 1970s when numerous large...
Official Download Link Casino Destroyer
For a one time low investment of only $47.00, you can download Casino Destroyer instantly and start right away with zero risk on your part.