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We've got to get used to dealing in billions of things Kauffman once told an audience of scientists. Huge multitudes of anything are different the more polymers, the exponentially more possible interactions where one polymer can trigger the manufacture of yet another polymer. Therefore, at some point, a droplet loaded up with increasing diversity and numbers of polymers will reach a threshold where a certain number of polymers in the set will suddenly fall out into a spontaneous lap circle....

Out of Control

Chapter 18 THE STRUCTURE OF ORGANIZED CHANGE - The difference, if any, between learning and evolution Only in the last couple of years has the exhilarating link between learning, behavior, adaptation, and evolution even begun to be investigated. Most of this exciting work has been performed in computer simulations. It has been more or less ignored by biologists-which is not the stigma it once was. A number of researchers such as David Ackley and Michael Littman (in 1990), and Geoffrey Hinton...

The Nine Laws of God Kevin Kellys Out of Control Techno Utopic Program for a Wired World

By William Grassie Temple University Keywords Kevin Kelly, WIRED Magazine, Out of Control, technology, utopia, ecology, Naturalistic Fallacy, Stewart Brand, Whole Earth Review, Social Darwinism, metaphysics, ethics. Abstract The Nine Laws of God are Kevin Kelly's attempt to metatheorize natural and cybernetic creativity in his paradigm shifting book Out ofControl The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems, and the Economic World. Kelly is the executive editor of WIRED Magazine. He offers a...

China 9th Century Points South Wooden Statue Two Red Horses

- In ancient Greece the first artificial self The invention of autonomous control, like most inventions, has roots in ancient China. There, on a dusty windswept plain, a small wooden statue of a man in robes teeters upon a short pole. The pole is carried between a pair of turning wagon wheels, pulled by two red horses outfitted in bronze finery. The statue man, carved in the flowing dresses of 9th-century China, points with outstretched hand towards a distant place. By the magic of noisy gears...