Back Yard Ebooks Catalog
One of the best ways to lessen your contribution to global warming pollution is to use more energy-efficient products and reduce your household's electricity and gasoline consumption. In your backyard alone, there are a number of actions you can take Replace regular light bulbs with compact fluorescent bulbs. If every American household replaced just one regular incandescent light bulb, either outside or in, with an Energy Star rated compact fluorescent bulb, it would prevent more than
In addition to limiting the amount of pesticides, herbicides, and chemical fertilizers you use in your yard, gardeners can help reduce the amount of runoff that ends up in local waters by developing a rain garden. A well-designed rain garden incorporates bowl-shaped areas planted with water-tolerant native plants, which capture and absorb stormwater runoff from impervious surfaces such as your roof, patio, or driveway.8 Rain gardens can also provide water sources for backyard wildlife and will help recharge groundwater, buffering regional water supplies when dry conditions return. To find out how to design a rain garden in your yard, visit http www.raingarden-network.com.
A cord is a nice, even stack 8' high x 4' wide x 4' deep, or a volume of 128 cubic feet. Only thing is, it's never stacked nice and neat so you can rarely tell just how much firewood you're actually getting. You often see filled pickup trucks sitting in grocery store parking lots with a sign advertising the cord price. You agree to buy, they follow you home and dump the wood in your yard, and you stack it and find it's not really a cord at all. So now what You want to pick a fight with Paul Bunyan The best bet is to buy from a reputable supplier get a reference, if possible.
Most cities areas have laws against burning trash in your backyard. That's because, aside from the risk of setting your house on fire, burning household trash sends a lot of pollutants including cancer-causing dioxins into the air. According to the EPA, backyard trash fires are the number one source of dioxin emissions in the U.S. (Dioxins, one of the most toxic substances on earth, build up in your body over time and have been linked to cancer, reproductive problems, thyroid disorders, central nervous system disorders, and immune system damage.) A single barrel of trash burned in the open may create as much air pollution as tons of garbage burned in a municipal waste incinerator serving tens of thousands of homes.
I Table scraps By composting the food you didn't eat, you eliminate the need for fertilizers and expensive soil treatments, and you save a lot of unnecessary landfill. You can buy composters which work very well and make the job clean. Or you can compost in a hole in your backyard, which is the best way to go for sheer quality. Dig a hole, and toss your food scraps into the hole (avoid fats, but most everything else is fine). Get some slack lime and toss in a cup once in awhile. Stir occasionally. Within a couple months, you'll have good, loamy potting soil for your landscaping needs.
One way to know exactly how your food was produced is to grow it yourself. Organic gardening isn't just for professional farmers and hippies on communes All kinds of people grow their own food, from suburbanites with back-yard vegetable patches to city folk growing tomatoes on fire escapes. This section gets you up to speed on basic organic gardening techniques.
You can just pile scraps in your back yard, but because kitchen garbage smells appetizing to hungry critters, it's best to use a compost bin, which you can buy or build your own. The bin can be square or round, and be made of wood, plastic, wire, even bricks or cinder-blocks. Compost tumblers are bins that turn, making it easier for air to get at the compost inside.
The average swimming pool costs around 20,000 to install. It takes up a big chunk of your back yard, and requires a lot of maintenance. Swimming pool chemicals are expensive, and you have to measure the water all the time for chemical balances. Chlorine and sunshine tend to eat pool equipment, particularly the plastics that are so common, so equipment lifetimes are limited. You need to clean the filter periodically, and occasionally you need to empty the pool out and start over, which makes a big impact on your water bill. The bottom line is, a swimming pool is quite a luxury item, probably the most expensive luxury you will ever purchase.
With coal, there are many examples of credit not being available where credit is due. Here's a big one How often do you hear that the United States is the Saudi Arabia of coal and that we should exploit this vast reserve to ensure our independence from foreign sources of energy Well, rhetoric isn't economics. One of the fastest ways to improve the value of coal is to quantify its national security value and make it visible. We need to put a price tag on the societal value of exploiting an abundant resource sitting in our back yard instead of importing petroleum and natural gas from countries thousands of miles away that are unfriendly at best and that hate us at worst. Put another way, the investment in building and operating coal refineries that also produce electricity can be more quickly recovered if this value is calculated into the economic equation.
Present decision-making procedures for Cape Wind are based on a classic, top-down model of democratic governance. Elected legislative bodies are supposed to make general policy decisions, but not involve themselves in the implementation of those policies. Administrative agencies, often using a quasi-judicial process, make implementation decisions by applying the criteria in the legislation, but are not supposed to consider any values outside their mandate. Project planners seek approval on the most general level before disclosing the particulars, while opposition to the particulars is dismissed as the NIMBY, or not in my back yard. 30 However, this process fails to realize the values it is based on, due to the sophistication of political insiders. Powerful elected officials can try to change the procedural rules in order to produce a predetermined outcome, as with Senator Stevens's attempt to give a veto to the governor of Massachusetts or they can tailor their objections to fit the...
But, if judged by their ability to fulfil these aims most local environmental protest groups1 appear to be weak from a green point of view. These groups are often represented as motivated by essentially selfish concerns, which have led to them being labelled as NIMBY (Not In My Back Yard), implying that as long as their's is not, they would not care if someone else's backyard was despoiled. At best, local protest groups are motivated by an immediate threat to their health, or to the amenity value of their immediate environment, at worst they are merely concerned to preserve the value of their property, which might be undermined by new development.
Those residents who oppose against siting waste facilities on their home tend to be stigmatized as promoting self-interest and irrational in Taiwan. Instead of regarding the NIMBY (not in my back yard) syndrome as irrational or selfish local opposition to pollution, Norton maintained that local values are present in the NIMBY syndrome and suggested that environmental ethicists can seek ways to inform NIMBYism and integrate it into regional concerns.9 Local activists felt excluded from the decision-making process of waste facility siting. The decision-making process was not transparent, which makes residents doubtful that the government could be trying to conceal the negative impacts from local community. Their opposition to the siting of hazardous waste is motivated by a range of environmental concerns and values and reflects residents' concern for genuine negative impacts on the community that were ignored by the experts and decision-makers. Instead of saying 'taking it somewhere...
There is a tension, however, between citizenship that is universal in scope and transcendent of local and national (and perhaps temporal and species) boundaries and the women activists' rootedness in their own communities and their particular interests as mothers and carers. For them the local as a site for the expression of citizenship makes more sense as it is at the local level that they can get things done Like 'grassroots' environmental justice activists who define the environment as the place where they 'live, work and play', the women in my study derive meaning and satisfaction from improving the quality of life in their own locality, not from working to save a distant rain forest or from some abstract concept of Gaia. They are a long way from resembling global feminist ecocitizens. What is to stop grassroots campaigns from becoming parochial and exclusionary As Catriona Sandilands (1999, 123) points out, 'it remains important to distinguish acts of community defence and...
Certainly, approaching outright strangers in the street is not acceptable in most societies. This is particularly so if we are in, or about to enter, a conflictual situation with them. Of course, it is not easy to approach someone and say 'Hi, I would like to build an incinerator in your back yard if that's OK.'
What used to be termed the not-in-my-back-yard (NIMBY) principle has evolved into the (BANANA) principle, which is increasingly being applied to facilities of any type, including low-income housing, cellular phone towers, prisons, sports stadiums, water treatment facilities, airports, hazardous waste facilities, and even new fire houses.99 Construction of even a single, relatively innocuous, urgently needed facility can easily take more than a decade. For example, in 1999, King County,
Austin and Schill 28 argued the method which could be used to correct past discriminatory practices was to include more minorities in the decision-making process. Several authors argued that the lack of participation of minorities in decision making enhanced the tendency for the Not In My Back Yard (NIMBY) Syndrome 7,28,29 . The NIMBY Syndrome resulted when residents of a given community perceived a project as an environmental threat. This perceived environmental threat resulted in the rapid mobilization of local residents and their outside supporters against the industry in question 29 .
Activity, or a change in traffic patterns. Everybody understands NIMBY (not in my backyard) concerns over the location of landfills, prisons, factories, and highways. The location and uses of forests can also have profound effects on nearby communities, creating visual and recreational amenities and pure water supplies. Or they can be eyesores and create threats of fires and mudslides.
The safe long-term management (disposal or recycle) of what is known as high-level nuclear waste. The renewable energy sources wind and solar seem attractive until you acknowledge the intermittent nature of those sources. The wind doesn't always blow and the sun doesn't always shine. Long transmission lines require right-of-ways that often must cut through pristine areas. Even many long-time environmentalists are against some of the planned wind farms because of either the NIMBY (Not in my backyard ) effect or because of concerns for bird migration patterns, offshore ecosystems, or just because the 100-foot-tall turbines might ruin their view. It is ironic that large wind farms now may suffer from NIMBY just like nuclear power plants. Finally, there's that lingering EMF (electromagnetic field) issue that slid off the radar screen. That will probably reemerge as soon as new or upgraded transmission lines start being proposed.
First, there is a growing awareness of environmental problems. Among the list of problems for which respondents have been asked to make assessments, items affecting species and ecosystem degradation (for example, desertification, chemical pollution, reduction in biodiversity) are regarded as equal or greater in seriousness to pollution of air, water, and land.61 The various reports, however, indicate that the consciousness of environmental degradation may be superficial, given lack of uniform treatment of environmental issues in schools. Awareness also varies by region (rural versus urban) and expresses the not-in-my-backyard (NIMBY) phenomenon people are more likely to be aware if they have direct experience of an environmental problem.
These were smaller, privately owned plots, often worked with family labour and having soils of adequate quality for intensive production without the need for raised beds. Seeds could be planted directly into the soil. By the end of 1997, organoponicos and intensive home gardens occupied 1000ha, with 15,000 fulltime employees nationwide (1ha supporting an average of 15 full-time jobs). To give an idea of the speed at which the state could roll out effects, its plan was to cover 3300ha by the end of 1998.
Urban agriculture was highly suitable for organic input use. The system was already labour intensive so that micro-management and observation were possible, and both the urban environment and the surface of the raised beds (which were relatively dry and hot) were not conducive to common plant pest habitats. Organoponicos received weekly check-up visits by specialists from Sanidad Vegetal, and care was taken to prevent the spread of pests and diseases from rural areas. Miedema and Trinks (1998) found a range of eight biological control products being used in organoponicos in Havana City. As well as these biological inputs, other control methods employed included the use of repellent crops such as Tagetes minuta (flor de muerto, Mexican marigold), catch crops which attracted the pests away from the cash crop, the selection of pest-tolerant crops and varieties, use of clean planting materials, use of nematode-free organic matter, soil inversion to expose potential breeding grounds to the...
The antitoxics movement grew out of public attention to the pollution of Love Canal, a community near Niagara Falls, New York, in 1978. The main spokesperson was Lois Gibbs, whose son and daughter had both experienced major health problems as a result of living in an area formerly used as a waste site by Hooker Chemical Company. The company had sold the site to the city of Niagara Falls for one dollar, and a school was built on it in 1954. As the mothers of the school children in the late 1970s talked to each other, they found that many were having miscarriages, giving birth to babies with birth defects, and discovering that their children were dying or contracting cancer at higher rates than would normally be expected. Gibbs and others put pressure on the state of New York, and it eventually agreed to buy out the Love Canal homes. Gibbs went on to found a magazine called Everyone's Backyard, and to organize a major coalition, the Citizen's Clearinghouse for Hazardous Wastes....
Water flowing downslope along Earth's surface is called runoff. Runoff might reach a stream, river, or lake, it might evaporate, or it might accumulate as puddles in small depressions and infiltrate the ground. During and after heavy rains, you can observe these processes in your yard or local park. Water that infiltrates Earth's surface becomes groundwater.
ENGOs range in territorial scope from local to global. As mentioned, local ENGOs are more likely to be grass roots groups than hierarchically ordered, top-down associations. Most formed in reaction to pollution of air or land, including toxic contamination of water, in neighborhoods. As such, they are good examples of NIMBY (not-in-my-backyard) protest organizations, which focus on local developments to the exclusion of national or global patterns of environmental degradation. The largest number of ENGOs, however, are national environmental associations, for example the American Sierra Club and Wilderness Society. Their energies are directed to environmental problems and events within the national boundaries, although they may observe global environmental issues affecting that nation-state. Finally, some ENGOs are truly global (and for this reason are called INGOs, or international NGOs), and they have outposts in a large number of nation-states. The best (and perhaps the most...
Agriculture based on the principles and science of ecology synonymous with agro-ecology, ecological, biological and biodynamic agriculture, and natural farming organoponico raised-bed, intensive urban agricultural unit tiro directo direct marketing en usufructo in perpetuity
The NIMBY, or not in my backyard, label came into use in the 1970s as this kind of environmentalism took on a greater political significance, particularly in the United States, in the so-called toxic waste protests that began in the Love Canal area of Buffalo, New York, when local citizens discovered poisons buried under their communities (Szasz 1994). Like most such labels NIMBY was coined by the opponents of the resisters and so undercuts the true meaning of community-based environmental activism (Dowie 1996 126-140).
Would be walking into a trap if they accumulated cases like Blondlot's and made them the centre of their vision of science. They would be underestimating the reliability and repeatability of its empirical base it would be to remember only the beginning of the Blondlot story and to forget how and why it ended. The sociologist would be putting himself where his critics would, no doubt, like to see him - lurking amongst the discarded refuse in science's back yard.
The occurrence of local resistance towards planned wind farms is often referred to as an important obstacle to increased wind power capacity in Sweden and elsewhere. Fears of visual intrusion, noise and land devaluation often explain these negative opinions. However, in spite of the existence of local opposition, the experiences in Sweden (and in many other countries) are that lay people generally express a positive attitude towards wind power (e.g. Krohn and Damborg, 1999 Ek, 2005). For this reason, the occurrence of local resistance towards wind power development is often explained by the so-called not in my backyard (NIMBY) syndrome.8 This explanation has, however, been criticized for being too simplistic (e.g. Wolsink, 2000). Local resistance may, instead, often express suspicion towards the people or the company who want to install the turbines or a rejection of the process underlying the decision to build new plants, rather than a rejection of the turbines themselves. Results...
The NTC's basic philosophy was that people have the right to a clean and healthy environment regardless of their race or economic standing. Unlike many of the larger environmental organizations that worked on national legislation and international issues, the NTC focused its efforts on empowering local groups and organizations to work together to solve local problems. The NTC succeeded in encouraging leaders of different ethnic groups to organize their own campaigns against polluters that affected residential areas. The NTC's leaders worked with many not-in-my-backyard (NIMBY) groups groups of citizens trying to keep toxic-waste dumps out of residential areas.
In the NIMBY plan, we reduce the contribution of nuclear power to 10 kWh d p (25 GW) - a reduction by 15 GW compared to plan D, but still a substantial increase over today's levels. 25 GW of nuclear power could, I think, be squeezed onto the existing nuclear sites, so as to avoid imposing on any new back yards. I left the clean-coal contribution unchanged at 16 kWh d p (40 GW). The electricity contributions of hydroelectricity and waste incineration remain the same as in plan D. Where are we going to get an extra 50 GW from The NIMBY says, not in my back yard, but in someone else's. Thus the NIMBY plan pays other countries for imports of solar power from their deserts to the tune of 20 kWh d p (50 GW).
Some people say we don't want nuclear power How can we satisfy them Perhaps it should be the job of this anti-nuclear bunch to persuade the NIMBY bunch that they do want renewable energy in our back yard after all. We can create a nuclear-free plan by taking plan D, keeping all those renewables in our back yard, and doing a straight swap of nuclear for
No doubt there have been instances when local citizens allowed their global consciences to outweigh their backyard interests, but when a choice must be made, the NIMBY impulse usually prevails. People generally put forth their local claims with little embarrassment and with little suggestion from others that they should hold to a higher, global standard.
It's a sobering thought The largest industry in the country could lose up to half its experienced workers in 5 to 10 years. Our nuclear plants could soon be run by newly minted engineering graduates who don't yet know a pressure relief valve from a pressure cooker. I can poke this kind of fun because I was one of those engineers a long time ago who didn't know which way to turn a valve when I first got to a power plant. The next time the grid in your area goes down, the line workers out in your backyard fixing the equipment may be getting a crash course in English on the plane over from Asia. Remember, only 1 percent of the nation's graduates express any interest at all in working in the country's largest industry.
Grassroots support fared little better, as the focus in many communities became ever narrower. Where people were formerly being asked to reject water pollution in principle, local protests were increasingly premised exclusively on what was happening locally. Known as the not in my backyard syndrome, these actions might keep a polluting industry out of a particular region that could organize opposition to it, but they did not muster the broader political will to keep that industry from polluting anywhere at all. This fragmentation of protest ensured that environmental legislation would not move forward.
No compact or state has, however, successfully developed a new disposal facility for low-level wastes. Compacts and unaffiliated states have confronted significant barriers to developing disposal sites, including public health and environmental concerns, antinuclear sentiment, substantial financial requirements, political issues, and not in my backyard'' campaigns by citizen activists.
Most people have some form of landscaping, and many people have extensive landscaping, including a lawn, which is the most water- and energy-intense form of landscaping you can imagine. In a yard, you can conserve water through your landscaping choices and through your choice of sprinkler. The following sections tell you how to use less water and energy in your yard.
For very little cost, you can put a whole range of fun and interesting lights around your yard. They charge during the daylight hours, and they come on at night. You'll be surprised at how little sunlight they need, given the amount of light they put out. Unlike low-voltage systems, which require very thick gauge wires that you need to run around your yard, solar lighting is as simple as one, two, three. And if you don't like the way things look, changing the layout is as simple as four, five, six.
About 69 per cent of all municipal waste is buried in landfill, but an increasing proportion is incinerated (more than 25 per cent) or composted (10 per cent). Each of these options presents its own problems. Waste in landfill can give off gases such as methane and CO2 (both implicated in climate change), can lead to chemicals and heavy metals being leached into water and soil, can be expensive where land is at a premium, and the development of landfill sites is often opposed by local residents (the NIMBY syndrome, or 'not in my back yard'). Meanwhile, incineration can lead to air and water pollution, is not an effective response to the problem of disposing of hazardous waste, and also comes up against NIMBYism. For its part, composting works only if hazardous substances are not introduced into the soil via the waste.
Sustainable Development deals with highly technological issues (e.g. genetic manipulation, brain science, environmental protection, etc.). The decision making process therefore tends to be very complex. Especially the involvement of different stakeholders, such as experts, public organizations and unorganized citizens, makes the task for policymakers extremely difficult1. The importance of lay knowledge in technological and complex policy domains is often underestimated. Opponents of citizen participation use arguments related to NIMBY (Not In My Backyard), lack of interest and knowledge deficiencies. Nevertheless, obtaining public support for policy decisions in the domain of Sustainable Development is essential.
There are many diverse forms of gardening referred to collectively as urban gardening. The most common are organdponicos, which farm raised beds of organic material, utilizing biological pest control and organic fertilizer. Some organdponicos even have micro-jet irrigation and mesh shading. Organdponicos are highly productive, yielding anywhere from ' to 30 kilograms of produce per square meter.32
These consisted of constructed beds filled with soil and stones for drainage, and then with 40-50 per cent organic material. This raised-bed design was necessary due to the poor quality of the underlying urban terrain. Seeds were generally transplanted from nursery beds. In 1997, there were 400 organoponicos in Havana City alone. High-performing organoponicos were selected for preferential access to inputs and credit, which enabled them to install high-tech facilities such as cement pavements, microjet irrigation systems, water pumps and iron-and-mesh frames for the protection of crops from the summer sun.
The International Wildlife Coalition, the Ocean Conservancy, The Humane Society, and The Alliance to Protect Nantucket Sound, are unhappy. The folks on Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket Island are not happy. Nimby, not in my backyard, has created an unlikely coalition of environmentalists and bent-out-of-shape residents from Cape Cod's Hyannis Port, all the way to Buzzards Bay. For years the Sierra Club and Greenpeace promoted wind power as a way to reduce or control the use of fossil fuels. But when there was a proposal to locate a wind farm offshore in Nantucket Sound, between ferry lanes to Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket, that was just too much, even for environmentalists dead set against coal and oil and global warming 7 .
Controversy in selecting one nuclear waste repository is inevitable. By doing so, the federal government made one state the nuclear garbage dump for the country. Although the Yucca Mountain site is on federal land, the repository imposes a burden on state government. Several issues must be addressed. How does Nevada deal with nuclear waste transport and what disaster plans are necessary should an accident occur What types of implications does this selection have for growth in Las Vegas, Nevada's largest city How does the state deal with negative publicity associated with nuclear waste Although these concerns are often brushed off as being a not-in-my-backyard-syndrome (NIMBY), they are very legitimate logistical concerns that need to be considered.
So far as individual actors in the green movement are concerned, of course, all the approaches to green change discussed above may be combined. Any one person could be a member of a green party as well as a buyer of Ecover washing-up liquid. She or he may also live in a community which was trying to turn the world green by example. More recently, in Britain at least, she or he may also have been one of the many thousands of people battling it out - sometimes violently, sometimes not - with building contractors intent on carrying out the government's road-building programme, or the rather smaller - but still effective - number uprooting genetically modified crops in the government's designated test fields. Direct action to halt what protestors see as environmental degradation has become an increasingly prominent feature of the political scene in recent years, and it is carried out by an apparently disparate collection of people, ranging from middle-class 'NIMBYS' (Not in My Back Yard)...
Where To Download Easy Cellar Stockpiling Food Guide
The best part is you do not have to wait for Easy Cellar Stockpiling Food Guide to come in the mail, or drive to a store to get it. You can download it to your computer right now for only $29.00.