Ayurveda the Science of Life
Ayurvedic medicine originated in India some thousands of years ago, and relies heavily on herbal remedies. The Ayurveda is a collection of medical information in which disease is believed to be the consequence of an imbalance of the three elements vatta, pitta, and kapha. Vatta maintains the body's integrity and the proper functioning of its constituent elements. Pitta is the primary constituent having the functions of vision, digestion heat production, hunger, thirst, body softness and suppleness, cheerfulness, and intelligence, while kapha organizes the tissues into their macro- and microscopic forms. Imbalances of any one or a combination of these elements causes sickness and the need for specific herbs to restore balance. Given that lead, mercury, and arsenic intoxication have been associated with the use of ayurvedic supplements, researchers at Harvard and Boston Universities investigated and reported on the prevalence and concentration of heavy metals in ayurvedic products...
Most of these constitutional provisions use the term right to a suitable healthy living healthy and ecologically balanced human benevolent environment, i.e., they stipulate a substantive fundamental right to an environment. The difficulties of establishing a precise content to terms such as suitable or benevolent (what is the threshold ) or even environment lead some authors to name these rights virtual rights 35. Some of these constitutions talk of State duties' coupled with Everyone's rights or even Everyone's duty (holder of the right duty ) in addition to they are framed in a programmatic manner that their material and legal application, again is questionable.
Most of the advances in this technology of the last 20 years have been in reducing the NOx and carbon monoxide emissions without resorting to downstream emissions control devices, similar to the catalytic converters on your car's exhaust. This points up an important, though little recognized, fallacy with the DP movement Imagine if that single large 2,000 MW coal-burning power station 50 miles away from the population center was replaced with 10,000 gas-fired engine generators in a DP network within the population center. Which strategy is better for the environment Personally, I think regulating one utility station to reduce its emissions is more expedient that hammering on the owners of 10,000 engine generator sites. The answer to the question is that the exhausts from those engines have to be almost emissions-free if the citizens of DP town are to stay healthy. For those of you required to get emissions inspections for your car, you know what a pain it is. Imagine
As noted by the US-based NGO Eco Equity, we must find a way to ensure that all people are able to access the resources that would allow them to live a life of good health and dignity. That is, to allow all nations to achieve a sustainable form of development in a way that doesn't push us into dangerous climate change. Eco Equity proposes
Although the selective effects of psychological pressures are difficult to measure, they must also play a role. Michael Marmot and his colleagues have shown that an individual's position in a work hierarchy has an impact on his or her health (Singh-Manoux et al., 2005). The members at the top level of the hierarchy live healthier lives than those at the bottom level - or even those who occupy positions slightly below the top level
In Hunedoara County, the local Public Health Authority published a guide of preventive behaviour addressed to the population affected by floods. The main message was Your community may be affected or even devastated by the floods, and because of this you should remember a few basic rules to protect your health . Thirty-eight companies concerned with hygiene promotion and health education made recommendations related to
In itself Although people differ in the goals that they would set for development, some are virtually universal. These include a long and healthy life, education, access to the resources needed for a decent standard of living, political freedom, guaranteed human rights, and freedom from violence. Development is real only if it makes our lives better in these respects. 16
Developing the capacity of deprived neighbourhoods to help themselves, and strengthening social capital, are key elements of the government's commitment to neighbourhood renewal and sustainable communities (HM Government, 2005). However, participation in volunteering has been declining in recent years, and new methods and tools are needed to encourage wider participation (Nash and Paxton, 2002). Time banks, as we have seen, are a direct response to these policy needs, and have been recognised as such in the Department of Health's green paper on Adult Social Care (which was publicly launched at London's Waterloo Time Bank) (DH, 2005), and in the Active Citizenship Centre's review of community engagement which highlights the achievements and potential of time banking in improving health (Rogers and Robinson, 2004).
In the U.S. particulate matter is regulated according to size. Two standards exist. A primary focus of both standards is to protect against adverse effects resulting from inhalation. One standard is for coarse particulate matter. The other is for very fine matter. The coarse particulate matter, designated PMio, includes particles ranging in size from 2.5 to 10 in diameter. The second standard is for particles smaller than 2.5 in diameter, designated PM25. This second standard was established as information became available demonstrating that smaller particles, because they can penetrate the respiratory system more deeply, are a greater health threat than coarser particulate matter.
National press events in March 2004 held by a coalition of medical, nursing, public health, labor, learning disability, and faith groups excoriated the proposal. These press events also linked the mercury rule to practical advice in the form of clinician and consumer guides to fish consumption and how to limit exposure. This critical step allowed new messengers to penetrate health websites and magazines, food and women's magazines, and, with a video press release featuring Dr. Erica Frank of the Emory School of Medicine's Department of Preventive Medicine, to get television coverage in eighty-five media markets with 162 stories reaching 10.5 million viewers. Such campaigns begin to indicate the potential power of putting traditional environmental issues, and climate change in particular, within a human health framework.
Your home is your castle, your sanctuary, the place where you raise your family and relax at the end of the day. But rather than being a safe haven, many homes are a minefield of chemicals that can affect your health and harm the planet. In fact, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has called the typical American home the number one violator of chemical waste per capita because many of those chemicals get tossed in the trash or go swirling down the drain. Let's take a tour of a typical home to see what chemical hazards may be lurking within its walls Laundry room. The chlorine bleach you use to get your whites white is strongly corrosive, so you don't want it anywhere near your eyes, skin, mouth, or nose. Detergents and fabric softeners may contain chemicals and fragrances that can irritate skin or, worse, get absorbed through the skin and harm your health not what you want on your family's clothes, towels, and bedding. And dryer sheets may contain chloroform or pentane.
N., Paquin, J. et al., Heavy metal content of ayurvedic herbal medicine products, JAMA 292(23) 2868-2873 (2004). 23. Ang-Lee, M. K., Moss, J., Yuan, C. S., Herbal medicines and perioperative care, JAMA 286(2) 208-216 (2001). 39. Arlt, V. M., Stiborova, M., and Schmeiser, H. H., Aristolochic acid as a probable human cancer hazard in herbal remedies A review, Mutagenesis 17(4) 265-277 ( 2002 ). 41. Chan, T. K. Y., and Chan, J. C., Chinese herbal medicines revisited A Hong Kong perspective, Lancet 342 1532-1534 (1993).
Surveillance In developing strategies, baseline data on streptococcal epidemiology and ARF RHD prevalence in high-risk groups should be collected. A fully established programme centre would operate a central register, coordinate case-finding surveys, run a system of secondary prophylaxis (especially follow-up) and promote health education. Community control of ARF and RHD is viable only if it is firmly based on existing health services, which are an integral part of the primary health care activities in the country. It is especially relevant to school health services, by screening children and supporting those on secondary prophylaxis.
In any country is the rate of infant mortality as discussed in chapter 6. Infant mortality, besides being a measure of the death of infants at birth, also reflects the general level of a population's health. Infant mortality is always low in nations where people have good access to medical care, and it is always quite high in nations where health care is deficient or where there is a large burden of disease. The reason that infant mortality is such a good indicator of the general state of a nation's health is that it takes into account the health of the women giving birth, access to good health care for new-borns, and the availability of postnatal and prenatal care. Figure 7-1 shows the result of plotting infant mortality and freedom survey scores for 172 countries. Each point represents a different country. The straight line shows the statistical regression, which is highly significant (for professionals, the correlation coefficient R2 0.34, p 0.000).
The distribution of particulate matter (PM) in Indian households using biomass is over 2 000 microgrammes per cubic metre ( g m3) (Smith, 2000).9 This compares with the 150 g m3 standard set by the US Environmental Protection Agency for good health. During the cooking period, levels in India are much higher and in densely populated communities, high emissions from biomass burning can result in elevated local pollution. Acute respiratory infections make up about one-ninth of the national disease burden in India and are one of the main causes of death in children under five years of age. Such infections in India are the largest single disease category in the world, accounting for 2.5 of the global burden of ill health (WHO, 2007).
For the health of the population and the environment, it is important that clean, renewable energy resources be used. Clean air is essential to life and good health. Electric power plants are the nation's largest industrial source of the pollutants that cause the above-listed ill effects. Air pollutants can cause serious health problems, including asthma,
The air of industrial cities like Pittsburgh was dangerous to breathe. Los Angeles developed its own special brand of smog. Food quality, which had improved tremendously for the average citizen compared with half a century earlier, now became a new issue. The very additives that at the turn of the century had saved lives by helping to preserve food from bacterial decay were seen as unnatural chemical products with at best unknown toxic-ity. Food colorings, flavorings, the use of hormones in meat products, and other issues related to food safety led to the growth of natural and organic foods as a healthier alternative to industrially processed food.
You can connect with thousands of environmentally conscious people from all over the world without leaving your house. When you join an online community that's committed to spreading the word about green, healthy living, you'll make new friends, get ideas, and have fun, too. Here's a sampling of online communities with a green focus Care2 (www.care2.com). This site, which focuses on green and healthy living, has more than 10 million members, so you'll have lots of like-minded company when you join it (registration is free). It has tons of free articles on all aspects of green living and dozens of petitions you can sign. You can also look for green jobs and volunteer opportunities in your area. When you register, you can set up your own page on the site, create or join a special-interest group, or start a blog.
Income question been asked, as it is asked in the United States (and if higher incomes had been included), the big story would have almost certainly been 'Census reveals huge income gap' followed by 'in two areas of Britain a majority of the population are living on the breadline', 'census results show extreme divide between two-earner households and pensioners', 'Black Britons paid less for the same work', 'People with disabilities are the poorest', 'Salaries now five times the average in posh place', 'I'm alright John society', and so on. The academic papers that would have flowed out as the detailed results were released would have concentrated on income inequalities. Government and public policy would be influenced first directly and then incrementally, with each drip of facts and analysis. People in Britain find income inequalities extremely uncomfortable, which is mainly why the question was not asked. Living with the unfolding statistical story of income inequalities would have...
World where people would be getting healthier every year. Wonder drugs, new medical treatments, vaccines, artificial hearts, transplants, etc. were helping to cure and prevent illness on a grand scale. The idea of good diet and physical fitness swept the country to the point that for a while it seemed that eating sugar was tantamount to a moral crime against nature. Good health became a viable goal and an attainable achievement.
This oil is a natural pesticide that's popular with organic gardeners. It comes from the seeds of the neem tree, which is in the mahogany family and native to India and Myanmar. When insects munch on leaves sprayed with this stuff, it disrupts their hormonal balance and prevents them from maturing. Its smell repels many insects, and it kills mites and fungus. Even though bugs hate it, neem oil is nontoxic to humans (it's used in traditional Indian medicine).
Like Dick Whittington, the character in the British rags-to-riches folk tale who seeks his fortune in medieval London, those with ambition head for the city. The streets may not be paved with gold, as Dick hoped, but at least they are paved. Urban dwellers have higher incomes and by most measures live healthier, easier lives than their rural counterparts. Urban children have a 25 percent better chance of survival to adulthood than those left behind in the villages.
Most homes get their water from local utilities, which have stringent quality requirements. In fact, federal standards for tap water are actually higher than those for bottled water. In addition, most tap water already contains minerals important to your health minerals that some purveyors of purifier systems and bottled water deliberately add to their products and charge you more for. Bottom line The government provides you with safe, healthy water, without the hassle and expense of bottled water.
Operating costs for whole-house fans are much lower as well. Comparative studies of the two cooling methods have shown that air conditioners cost 4 to 20 times as much per hour to run as whole-house fans. Granted, whole-house fans do not remove moisture the way air conditioners do, but the difference in operating cost remains significant. And whole-house fans may be better for your health.
The binders used in most fiberglass insulation contain formaldehyde, which is widely considered harmful to your health its vapors are classified as potential carcinogens. Once installed, fiberglass can still emit formaldehyde gases. Fiberglass is also listed as unhealthy, both for the long-term effects of exposure to airborne particles, which some sources consider another possible cause of cancer, and the immediate result of respiratory irritation.
The view that repayment for the carbon tax will be forthcoming is not a pie in the sky hope put forth by people who like taxes because it gives government more control over our lives. In economic terminology, pollution control is an investment, not an expense. The money spent is certain to bring financial dividends, most clearly in the cost of maintaining human health. Are you willing to make this investment What is your health and that of your children worth
The National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) recommends that people especially sensitive to chemicals, like hydrocarbons found in crude oil and petroleum products, avoid beaches with tar balls as they may develop allergic reactions or rashes even from brief contact. Should contact occur, wash the area with soap and water, baby oil, or a safe cleaning compound like the cleaning paste sold in auto parts stores. Don't use solvents, gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, or similar products on the skin. These products, when applied to skin, present a greater health hazard than the smeared tarball itself. Plus, they are petroleum products too allergens
It is interesting to note the September 2005 findings of the Biofuels Taskforce7 established by the Prime Minister. The Taskforce has found that potentially there may be greater health benefits from ethanol use than previously envisaged that previous research findings that ethanol may provide greenhouse and regional benefits should be supported that there are considerable market barriers to the biofuels industry including low consumer confidence and high commercial risk and that on a business as usual basis Australia is unlikely to meet a target of at least 350 ML of biofuel production by 2010. The Prime Minister has nevertheless reaffirmed the government's intention to reach this target.
Third, in the intellectual arena, human exceptionalism assumes that humans are above the natural laws that maintain our planet. This notion permeates Western life 50 , including U.S. thought, appearing in disciplines such as environmental sociology, which presumes that human social and behavioral intervention can eradicate environmental problems 51 . In reality, the environmental interventions of human beings are imperfect. For example, Spath 29 estimates that less than 1 of pesticides actually reach the pests they are designed to eradicate In addition, human interventions sometimes result in problems as great as those they attempt to solve (e.g., the case of drug-resistant bacteria) 52-55 .
Since most companies are effectively self-insured (i.e., your health insurance costs go up the more claims you have) and most government agencies and large companies are actually self-insured, it makes good economic sense to be concerned about the effect of building design on people's health. In addition, given what is already known about the health effects of various green building measures, a company might be inviting lawsuits if it didn't take all feasible measures to design and construct a healthy building.
In considering reactor safety, there is a certain temptation to ignore cost issues and say that society should spare no cost in its efforts to reduce the probability of a reactor accident. However, costs are not ignored for other activities (e.g., in preventive medicine, highway safety, and airplane construction, to cite a few examples) and they are not ignored for nuclear power plants. In all of these cases, one eventually reaches the point of diminishing returns.
About 25-50 of Chinese infants are given chuenlin by their mothers to clear them of the toxic products of pregnancy. One of chuenlin's alkaloids, berberine, can readily displace bilirubin from its serum-binding protein, causing a rise in free bilirubin, which can cause brain damage, along with icterus-induced jaundice. Placing total faith in Chinese herbs or proprietary medicine needs rethinking. Complications are increasing with increasing use among both Asians and Westerners. In a recent review of the use of Chinese herbal medicines in Hong Kong researchers of the Department of Clinical Pharmacology at the Chinese University of Hong Kong inform us that of the 150 most-often used herbs, 10 are out-and-out toxic 41 .
Genetic diversity is as important to the survival and sustainability of the living world as it is to our bodies. Each human being is made up of over two hundred types of cells. Skin cells, muscle cells, brain cells, blood cells, and the rest are ultimately constructed and diversified by chemical programs held in the DNA of an estimated thirty thousand genes in our genome.51 We use all those cells, and they depend on a diversity of genes. So do species, the organs of the ecosystem body. If we continue the analogy configured throughout this chapter, bodies (or ecosystems) depend on the diversity of organs, most of which must function together for life to persist, and all of which lead to good health. Each person, like each ecosystem, has his or her own occupation that in concert with others makes the world go 'round with life. It is up to us to make sure that the component parts stay healthy so the whole does not die.
A city's water supply is critically important for a number of reasons. First, it must be pristine and clean. Otherwise, you'll have to buy drinking water or a filter system. Some cities have grungy-tasting water, and even though it may not be harmful to your health, it still makes you feel grungy.
Many of America's cities are on the verge of serious water shortages and underground aquifers are increasingly depleted. One day in the near future newspaper and TV stories will be emphasizing water problems at home rather than those abroad. Part of the political problem in looking for solutions is that democracies are ambulance forms of government, not preventive-medicine forms of government. Nothing is done until the patient is near death, when panic sets in. The patient is not yet near enough to death for most Americans to become unnerved. This point of view is hardly surprising. Do you visit the doctor when you are well or have only a bad cold Probably not. Your body can likely cure itself. Unfortunately our water problems will not cure themselves.
The purpose of economic activity, for economists, is 'maximising utility', which may also be described as 'enhancing quality of life', which in turn is related to factors such as basic human needs for shelter and food, clothing and water, plus social needs like companionship, belonging to a community, and freedom of spiritual practice. There are further determinants of quality of life, such as good health, rest and recreation time, fulfilling work, community and cultural participation, and opportunities for personal development (UNEP, 2001). Of course, many of these do not require material consumption at all, and UNEP argues that increasing consumption levels are contributing to lower quality of life through overwork, degraded environments and social breakdown. So if the ultimate aim of economic activity is to improve quality of life, then material consumption levels per se can no longer be considered an adequate proxy for this. Indeed recent research points to the fact that while GDP...
Both climate and cash, therefore, are of vital importance as resources in supporting survival and a desirable quality of life. Temperate climates offer the best of all worlds, with comfortable outdoor temperatures, thriving plants and animals as living resources of enormous benefit, and relatively healthy living conditions. Cold or hot climates, lacking the climatic resources of temperate areas, endanger our lives and frustrate us. Money resources, however, can compensate for the lack of climatic resources, enabling us to also survive and live happily in harsh climates. These ecological matters of life and death are relevant to a proper understanding of what we collectively value, believe, seek, avoid, and do that is, our culture.
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