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Convective—Radiative-Mixing Processes in the Tropical Ocean—Atmosphere

Chung-Hsiung Sui

Institute of Hydrological and Oceanic Sciences and Department of Atmospheric Sciences, National Central University, Taoyuan, Taiwan [email protected] edu. tw

Xiaofan Li

Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation, NESDIS, NOAA, Camp Springs, Maryland, USA

William K.-M. Lau and Wei-Kuo Tao Laboratory for Atmospheres, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, USA

Ming-Dah Chou

Department of Atmospheric Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei,, Taiwan

Ming-Jen Yang

Institute of Hydrological and Oceanic Sciences and Department of Atmospheric Sciences, National Central University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Understanding convective-radiative-mixing processes is crucial in making better predictions about tropical climate. The cloud-resolving model and the mixed-layer model, combined with observations, are powerful tools for studying these physical processes interacting with climate. In this article, the authors' research work of the past 15 years on tropical climate processes is reviewed. The topics reviewed include climate equilibrium study, tropical convective responses to radiative and micro-physical processes, the diurnal cycle, cloud clustering and associated cloud-microphysical processes, precipitation efficiency, air-sea exchanges and ocean-mixing processes at diurnal-to-intraseasonal scales, and coupled boundary layer and forced oceanic responses. Representation of these processes in climate models and future perspectives are also discussed.

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