Well-designed EVs can travel at the same speeds as conventional vehicles and can offer the same safety and convenience capabilities as conventional gasoline-powered vehicles. Even though many expect EVs to be slow and sluggardly to drive, EVs generally offer better acceleration than you would expect because of the high-torque characteristics of electric motors at low speeds. One sports-oriented electric car that is now on the market can accelerate from 0 to 60 mph in the same time as a Ferrari.
Many EVs, such as the famous and now out-of-production EV1, are small. That's largely because vehicle weight is an enemy of vehicle range. The more weight the electric motor has to propel, the more electricity it will require. Because of this, EV engineers are very particular about weight. For the same reason, they pay a great deal of attention to other items that draw electrical power, things such as heating and air conditioning and even sound systems. Unlike gasoline cars that have virtually unlimited sources of electricity to fuel these functions, EVs must ration electricity or lose their range.
Range is the key factor when driving an EV, and keeping your eye on the gauge that tracks available electrical power is important. A further complication is that range varies with the number of passengers, payload, weather, and the use of heating and air conditioning and even the sound system. Although some EVs claim greater theoretical range, in practical situations EVs are limited to 50 to 130 miles before they need a recharge. For around-town hops and most commutes that's fine, but kiss crosscountry trips good-bye.
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