WRAPUP

Factors besides latitude have a large effect on the climate of a region. The presence or absence of a nearby ocean will determine if the climate is moderate, as with a maritime climate, or if it is more extreme, as with a continental climate. The temperature of the nearby ocean currents also influence nearby climate. One dramatic example is found in the British Isles, which are much balmier than other locations at similar latitudes, because of the Gulf Stream that flows into the North Atlantic from the equator. Mountain ranges also influence climate, in part, because they restrict the moderating effects of sea air to their windward side. In addition, the windward side of a range is likely to be cooler and wetter than the leeward side because of how the moisture in the air condenses and falls as precipitation as it rises up the slope, until it crosses over to the leeward side, where it becomes warmer and drier.

ATMOSPHERIC BEHAVIOR: THE WEATHER

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